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Juno Reveals Deep 3d Structure7 min read

Oct 25, 2022 5 min
Juno Reveals Deep 3d Structure

Juno Reveals Deep 3d Structure7 min read

Reading Time: 5 minutes

On July 5, 2016, the Juno spacecraft made its first close approach to Jupiter, coming within 2,500 kilometers of the gas giant. This flyby was designed to test Juno’s instruments and collect data on Jupiter’s atmosphere.

Now, the first results from that flyby are in, and they’ve revealed something surprising about Jupiter’s interior. Juno found that the planet’s deep structure is much more complex than expected, with a three-dimensional structure that goes much further down than previously thought.

This new information was gleaned from Juno’s Microwave Radiometer (MWR), which measures the thermal radiation emitted from Jupiter’s atmosphere. By analyzing the data from MWR, scientists were able to create a three-dimensional map of the planet’s atmosphere that goes down to depths of 3,000 kilometers.

This map reveals that the atmosphere is not uniform, but instead is made up of several layers that are stacked on top of each other. The deepest layer is a dense, cold gas that extends from the planet’s center to a depth of about 3,000 kilometers. Above that is a layer of hot gas that reaches temperatures of up to 1,500 degrees Celsius.

Finally, there is a thin, hot layer of gas that surrounds the planet’s solid core. This layer reaches temperatures of up to 4,000 degrees Celsius, and is the source of Jupiter’s intense heat.

These findings are surprising because they overturn the traditional model of Jupiter’s interior, which assumes that the planet is made up of a homogeneous mix of gas and rock. This new model suggests that Jupiter is actually made up of several layers, with a dense core at the center and a hot atmosphere surrounding it.

Scientists are still trying to understand the implications of this new information, but it could mean that Jupiter’s atmosphere is much younger than previously thought. It may also have implications for the way Jupiter formed, and could help us to understand the evolution of gas giants in the early solar system.

What did Juno discover deep inside Jupiter?

NASA’s Juno spacecraft has been orbiting Jupiter since July of 2016, and in that time it has sent back a wealth of information about the gas giant. One of the most recent discoveries made by Juno is that there is a massive ocean of water deep inside Jupiter.

Juno’s measurements of Jupiter’s gravitational field suggest that the planet’s core is not solid, as was previously thought, but is instead made up of a dense mixture of hydrogen and helium. This core is surrounded by a layer of liquid hydrogen, and then an outer layer of gas. Jupiter’s massive ocean of water is thought to be located beneath this outer layer of gas.

The presence of a massive ocean of water inside Jupiter has interesting implications for the possibility of life on Jupiter’s moons. Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto are all thought to have subsurface oceans of water, and it is possible that life could exist in these oceans.

The discovery of Jupiter’s massive ocean of water was made using data from Juno’s Gravity Science experiment. This experiment is designed to measure the gravitational field of Jupiter in order to determine the composition and structure of the planet’s interior.

How is Juno able to look deep into Jupiter’s interior?

Since launching into space on August 5, 2011, the Juno spacecraft has been on a journey to study Jupiter like never before. On July 4, 2016, Juno finally reached its destination and began its orbit of the gas giant. One of the most impressive things about Juno is its ability to peer deep into Jupiter’s interior, thanks to its unique orbit.

Most spacecraft that orbit Jupiter do so in a way that takes them over the planet’s poles. This means that they only get a glimpse of the top and bottom of the planet. Juno, on the other hand, orbits Jupiter in a way that takes it over the planet’s equator. This allows it to see Jupiter’s interior in more detail.

By flying over Jupiter’s equator, Juno is able to measure the planet’s gravity field in great detail. This is because the planet’s gravity is not uniform. It is stronger in some areas than in others. By mapping Jupiter’s gravity field, Juno can learn more about the planet’s interior structure.

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Juno has also been able to measure Jupiter’s magnetic field. This field is created by the planet’s rotating magnetic core. By studying the magnetic field, Juno can learn more about the core’s structure and how it generates the planet’s magnetic field.

So far, Juno has provided us with some incredible insights into Jupiter’s interior. It has shown us that the planet has a solid core that is surrounded by a layer of liquid metallic hydrogen. Above that is a layer of molecular hydrogen, and then the planet’s atmosphere. This information will help us to better understand Jupiter’s formation and evolution.

What did the Juno probe discover?

The Juno probe was launched into space on August 5, 2011 and it arrived at Jupiter on July 4, 2016. The probe has been orbiting Jupiter for over a year and has sent back a wealth of data about the gas giant.

The Juno probe has provided us with a wealth of information about Jupiter’s atmosphere, its interior, and its magnetic field. The probe has also revealed the presence of a huge ocean of water beneath Jupiter’s icy surface.

The Juno probe has also revealed that Jupiter’s magnetic field is much stronger than we thought it was. The probe has also revealed the existence of a turbulent atmosphere that contains thunderstorms and cyclones.

The Juno probe has been a huge success and it has given us a better understanding of Jupiter’s complex and fascinating atmosphere.

What did NASA learn from Juno?

NASA’s Juno spacecraft completed its first flyby of Jupiter on August 27, 2016. The spacecraft passed over Jupiter’s north pole and captured stunning images of the planet’s swirling clouds. The data collected by Juno during its first flyby will help NASA learn more about Jupiter’s origins and evolution.

One of the primary goals of Juno is to determine the composition of Jupiter’s atmosphere. By studying the abundance of different elements in Jupiter’s atmosphere, NASA can learn more about how the planet formed and evolved. Juno also collected data about the planet’s magnetic fields and auroras.

The data collected by Juno during its first flyby will help NASA plan for future flybys. Juno will make two more flybys of Jupiter in October and December of 2016. The data collected during these flybys will help NASA further understand Jupiter’s atmosphere and magnetic fields.

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Where is Juno probe now?

The Juno probe was launched in 2011 and it arrived at Jupiter in July 2016. After completing its main mission objectives, the Juno probe is now in an extended mission that will last until July 2021.

The Juno probe is in a polar orbit around Jupiter. It completes one orbit every 53.5 days. The probe’s closest approach to Jupiter is just 2,600 kilometers from the planet’s cloud tops.

The Juno probe is studying Jupiter’s atmosphere, interior, and magnetosphere. It is also mapping the planet’s magnetic fields and gravitational fields. The probe’s data will help us understand the origins and evolution of Jupiter.

Is there a solid core in Jupiter?

There is a lot of mystery surrounding Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system. Is there a solid core in Jupiter? Scientists are still trying to figure that out.

Jupiter is made mostly of gas, but it is thought that there may be a solid core at the center. This core is made of heavy elements like iron and nickel. The core is probably around the size of Earth.

The core is not the only solid part of Jupiter. There is also a rocky mantle that surrounds the core. The mantle is made of elements like silicon and oxygen.

The atmosphere of Jupiter is made of hydrogen and helium. These gases are in a state called a plasma. A plasma is made of charged particles.

The temperature in the core of Jupiter is very high, about 47,000 degrees Fahrenheit. The pressure is also very high, about 10 million times the pressure on Earth.

Scientists are still trying to figure out how Jupiter formed. It is thought that the core formed first, and then the rest of the planet formed around it.

Jupiter is a very interesting planet and scientists are still learning new things about it.

Is Juno mission still going?

Yes, the Juno mission is still going. Juno is a spacecraft that was launched in 2011 and is scheduled to arrive at Jupiter in 2016. The mission is to study Jupiter’s atmosphere, gravitational field, and magnetic field.

Jim Miller is an experienced graphic designer and writer who has been designing professionally since 2000. He has been writing for us since its inception in 2017, and his work has helped us become one of the most popular design resources on the web. When he's not working on new design projects, Jim enjoys spending time with his wife and kids.